(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
n. regime, administration; control, rule, regulation; state, economy; kingship, regency, etc. See authority.
(Roget's IV) n.
1. [The process of governing]
Syn. rule, control, command, regulation, administration, bureaucracy, direction, equity, dominion, sway, authority, jurisdiction, hegemony, suzerainty, sovereignty, prerogative, polity, direction, power, management, authorization, patronage, mastery, predominance, superiority, supervision, superintendence, magistracy, supremacy, domination, preponderance, ascendancy, influence, presidency, politics, regimentation, state, statecraft, political practice, caretaker government, governmental procedure; see also administration .
2. [The instrument of governing]
Syn. administration, assembly, legislature, congress, cabinet, executive power, regime, supreme authority, ministry, party, chamber, council, parliament, senate, department of justice, soviet, diet, synod, convocation, convention, court, directory, house.
Types of government include: absolute monarchy, dictatorship, empire, tyranny, fascism, imperialism, colonialism, despotism, limited monarchy, constitutional monarchy, hereditary kingship, oligarchy, aristocracy, democracy, popular government, representative government, democratic socialism, communism, socialism, party government. Divisions of government include: state, province, kingdom, territory, colony, dominion, commonwealth, soviet, republic, shire, city, county, canton, town, village, hamlet, township, municipality, principality, precinct, borough, commune, ward, district, suburb, department, arrondissement, département ( both French), nome, nomarchy, Parish.
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) n.
regulation, administration, governing body, control, *Big Brother, Washington, *Uncle Sam, the state, *powers that be, management, supervision, guidance, bureaucracy, rule, command, reign, authority, leadership, dictatorship, regime, senate, congress, ministry. The biggest organized social effort for dealing with social problems.''—Felix Frankfurter. The people.''— John Quincy Adams. The Santa Claus of something-for-nothing and something-for-everyone.''—Barry Goldwater. A kind of gangsterism.''—Frank Lloyd Wright.
absence of: anarchy
authoritarian: totalitarianism
autonomy: sovereignty
betrayal of: treason
citizens in authority: commonwealth, democracy, republic
clergy, headed by: hierocracy, theocracy, hagiarchy
dictated by one ruler or small group: dictatorship, despotism, tyranny
experts, by: technocracy
female: matriarchy, gynarchy, gynecocracy
king’s: monarchy
male lineage, handed down through: patriarchy
Medieval system of lords and vassals: feudalism
military, by: stratocracy, martial law
oppressive, one-party system: fascism
preserving cultural diversity: pluralism
privileged class, by: aristocracy, oligarchy, plutocracy
secret police, controlled by: police state
seizure of: coup d’etat
self-governing: autonomous
without: acracy
(Roget's Thesaurus II) noun 1. The continuous exercise of authority over a political unit: administration, control, direction, governance, rule. See CONTROL, POLITICS. 2. A system by which a political unit is controlled: governance, regime, rule. See POLITICS. 3. Authoritative control over the affairs of others: administration, direction, management, superintendence, supervision. See OVER.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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